Can Real Estate Agents Lie About Offers?

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Can Real Estate Agents Lie About Offers?

Reаl estаte trаnsасtions involve lаrge sums of money, intense emotions, аnԁ сomрlex negotiаtions. With so muсh аt stаke, it’s not surрrising thаt reаl estаte аgents sometimes benԁ the truth to сlose а ԁeаl. But when ԁoes hаrmless “рuffery” сross the line into unethiсаl or even illegаl behаvior? As а buyer or seller, it’s imрortаnt to unԁerstаnԁ your rights аnԁ reсognize сommon аgent tасtiсs.

As a real estate professional with over 10 years of experience, I’ve seen agents exaggerate and even fabricate offers to create a false sense of demand. While many agents adhere to ethical standards, the incentives to “play loose” with the facts are powerful. In this article, I’ll share insider knowledge on common lies agents tell and how to protect yourself from manipulation.

Common Lies Agents Tell About Offers

Here are some common agent tactics to create the illusion of demand:

1. Making up fake offers

The most blatant lie is inventing offers out of thin air. An agent may say “I know the listing agent, and there’s already an offer for the full asking price.” This false bid creates a sense of competition and urgency to make an aggressive offer.

Of course, it’s unethical and in many states illegal for an agent to fabricate offers. But it still happens, especially in hot markets when buyers get caught up in bidding wars. As a buyer, verify any claims about competing offers through the seller’s agent. Get the details in writing before making an offer.

2. Exaggerating the strength of offers

Rather than inventing bids, many agents stretch the truth by exaggerating the terms of actual offers. For instance, an agent could say:

  • “There’s already an offer at $50,000 over asking price.” (When the offer is substantially lower.)
  • “The other buyer offered a 60-day close and waived the inspection.” (When the terms weren’t that strong.)

These exaggerated claims pressure buyers to reduce contingencies and make increasingly aggressive bids. As a buyer, dig into the specifics of any competing offers and verify details directly with the listing agent.

3. Bluffing with “bully offers”

A “bully offer” is an aggressive bid submitted before the offer date to pressure other buyers. An agent may falsely claim to have submitted a bully offer to drum up interest. This bluff convinces buyers they have to act fast or lose out.

While bully offers do happen, they are less common than agents claim. Ask direct questions about any bully offer tactics and get specifics in writing. A bluff will usually crumble under scrutiny.

4. Misrepresenting the seller’s situation

Agents also manipulate buyer emotions by exaggerating the seller’s circumstances. Tactics include:

  • Claiming the seller has to move urgently due to job relocation (when there’s no evidence they are relocating).
  • Saying the seller needs top dollar because they’ve already purchased their next home. (Often untrue.)
  • Implying another buyer is eager to pay full price without conditions. (Used to deter buyers from making conditional offers.)

These emotional pleas pressure buyers to make unconditional offers over the asking price. Verify any claims about the seller’s motivations through direct communication and request documentation.

5. Misrepresenting their role as “dual agents”

In some transactions, the same agent may represent both the buyer and seller. This dual agency relationship can create conflicts of interest, as the agent has a duty to maximize value for their seller client.

Unethical agents exploit this dual role, telling half-truths to the buyer while representing the seller:

  • Claiming the seller will only consider unconditional offers over the list price (when the seller has not stated this).
  • Saying the seller won’t disclose defects to avoid triggering an inspection (even though this violates the agent’s fiduciary duty).
  • Implying their advice represents the seller’s true motivations (while only giving information that supports the seller’s goals).

If the same agent represents both you and the seller, get everything they say in writing and keep communication transparent. Understand that this agent’s duty lies with the seller.

Why Do Agents Lie and Exaggerate Offers?

In a hot market, the incentive to “enhance” offer details is strong. Lying helps agents:

Close more deals: Inventing offers creates a sense of urgency and convinces buyers to make aggressive bids. Higher offers mean more sales and commissions.

Earn seller loyalty: Exaggerating details helps agents get sellers the highest possible price. They earn repeat and referral business by maximizing value.

Gain a negotiation edge: Lying about competing offers strengthens the agent’s leverage with buyers. They use this power imbalance to make buyers bid against themselves.

Buy time for their clients: Making up bully offers may allow more time for legitimate offers to materialize. Dragging out the deal helps clients on both sides.

While most agents won’t blatantly fabricate offers, even “softer” exaggerations cross ethical lines. White lies advance the agent’s self-interest over their fiduciary duty.

How to Protect Yourself as a Buyer

In competitive markets, unethical behavior will exist. Here are proactive steps buyers can take:

Verify all claims in writing: Require the seller’s agent to document any competing offers in writing. Scrutinize details and watch for ambiguous language.

Connect directly with listing agents: Cultivate open and direct communication with the seller’s agent. Build trust by demonstrating serious interest and respect.

Watch for commission motives: Higher offers drive up agent commission. Be wary of claims designed to encourage escalating bids.

Report dishonesty: If you catch an agent outright lying, report them to your local licensing board. This helps hold the industry accountable.

Consult real estate attorneys: For large transactions, work with an attorney to review contracts. They help flag deceptive tactics in negotiations.

Trust your instincts: If an agent’s claims don’t feel right, they probably aren’t. Stick to your price guns rather than cave to pressure.

With vigilance, buyers can avoid manipulation even when dealing with dishonest agents. But the best defense is working with trusted professionals committed to ethical conduct.

How Sellers Can Avoid Agent Exaggerations

Sellers also need protection from agents misrepresenting offers to secure a high price. Here are tips for sellers:

Require proof of offers: Make the listing agent provide documentation of any offers. Scrutinize details and identify misleading claims.

Watch for conveyance deception: Study how the agent describes offers to potential buyers. Call out any exaggerations.

Consult experienced advisors: Connect with advisors who aren’t driven by commission incentives, like real estate attorneys and fee-only fiduciaries.

Hands-on approach: Don’t outsource all dealings to your agent. Stay engaged in the sales process to detect manipulation.

Follow ethical instincts: Refuse to let your agent mislead buyers, even if it costs some money. Taking the high ground defends your principles.

With extra vigilance, sellers can keep their agent’s behavior in check during negotiations. But the ideal solution is working with a trusted agent committed to transparency.

How to Choose an Ethical Real Estate Agent

The best defenses against lies are caution and working with ethical professionals committed to honest representation. Here are tips for identifying trustworthy agents:

Check reviews for transparency: Research online reviews and complaints. Look for consistent transparency themes.

Ask direct questions: Interview agents about how they represent offers, handle bidding wars, and communicate with the other side. Assess if responses feel transparent.

Look for fiduciary commitment: The most ethical agents with buyers are designated client fiduciaries, meaning they are legally obligated to your interests.

Require Code of Ethics commitment: Ensure your agent agrees to adhere to the National Association of REALTORS® Code of Ethics. This demonstrates higher standards.

Find experience-based integrity: Look for longevity in the business. Seasoned professionals with satisfied clients are less likely to risk their reputation with lies.

Trust your instincts: Pay attention to how an agent’s integrity “vibes” feel. If you sense exaggerations or dodgy behavior, move on.

Prioritizing ethics means more than just avoiding lies. It’s about pursuing truthfulness, transparency, and principles-based behavior. This integrity separates trustworthy agents from manipulative ones.

Protecting Yourself is Worth the Effort

Real estate transactions are complex enough without the specter of dishonesty. But armed with knowledge and caution, buyers and sellers can sniff out lies and protect their interests when negotiating. Avoiding manipulation requires diligence, but it’s a small price to pay for peace of mind and making the right deal.

Truth and transparency should be the aspiration in any negotiation. By taking a stand on ethical behavior, consumers have the power to drive positive change in the real estate industry. With insight, self-protection, and values-based choices, everyone wins – not just agents seeking their next big commission check.


Q: Can real estate agents lie about offers they receive on a property?

A; While it’s not common practice, unfortunately, there have been instances where real estate agents have misrepresented offers or provided misleading information to sellers. This unethical behavior can undermine trust in the real estate industry and harm both buyers and sellers. However, most reputable real estate agents adhere to professional standards and ethical guidelines that prohibit dishonesty or deceitful practices.

Q: Is it ethical for real estate agents to pressure sellers with fake offers?

A: No, it is not ethical for real estate agents to pressure sellers with fake offers. Doing so violates the fiduciary duty that agents owe to their clients and can lead to serious consequences, including disciplinary action by regulatory authorities, lawsuits for fraud or misrepresentation, and damage to the agent’s reputation and career. Real estate agents are expected to act with honesty, integrity, and transparency in their dealings with clients and must avoid engaging in deceptive or manipulative tactics.

Q: How can I tell if a real estate agent is being truthful about offers on my property?

A: Determining whether a real estate agent is being truthful about offers on your property can be challenging, but there are several signs to watch for that may indicate dishonesty or misrepresentation. Some red flags to be aware of include:

  • Lack of transparency: If the agent is vague or evasive when discussing offers or refuses to provide written documentation or evidence to support their claims, it may indicate that they are not being truthful.
  • Inconsistencies in communication: If the agent provides conflicting information about offers or changes their story over time, it may raise suspicions about the veracity of their statements.
  • Pressure tactics: If the agent uses high-pressure tactics to encourage you to accept an offer quickly or discourages you from seeking other offers, it may be a sign that they are not acting in your best interests.
  • Unwillingness to negotiate: If the agent is unwilling to negotiate with potential buyers or dismisses offers without considering them seriously, it may indicate that they are not genuinely representing your interests.

Q: Why would a real estate agent lie about offers on a property?

A: There are several reasons why a real estate agent might lie about offers on a property, although it’s important to note that such behavior is unethical and illegal. Some possible motivations for lying about offers include:

  • Pressure to close the deal: In competitive real estate markets or when facing pressure to meet sales targets, some agents may resort to dishonest tactics, such as fabricating offers, to pressure sellers into accepting a deal quickly.
  • Commission incentives: Real estate agents earn a commission based on the sale price of a property, so they may have a financial incentive to inflate offers or misrepresent buyer interest to secure a higher commission.
  • Lack of integrity: Unfortunately, some agents may lack integrity or ethical standards and engage in deceptive practices to gain an advantage or manipulate the sales process for their benefit.
  • Fear of losing the listing: Agents may lie about offers to prevent sellers from listing their property with another agent or brokerage, fearing that they will lose the listing if the property doesn’t sell quickly.

Regardless of the reasons, lying about offers is a serious violation of professional ethics and can have severe consequences for both the agent and the seller.

Q: What are some tactics real estate agents might use to misrepresent offers?

A: Real estate agents have been known to use various tactics to misrepresent offers or create the illusion of buyer interest, including:

  • Fabricating offers: Some agents may fabricate offers or exaggerate buyer interest to pressure sellers into accepting a deal quickly or to justify their commission.
  • Using phantom buyers: Agents may claim to have interested buyers or multiple offers on a property when none exist, creating the illusion of demand to manipulate sellers’ perceptions and expectations.
  • Misrepresenting offer terms: Agents may misrepresent the terms of an offer or omit relevant information to make it appear more attractive or desirable to sellers.
  • Withholding information: Agents may withhold information about competing offers or market conditions to discourage sellers from seeking other offers or negotiating better terms.
  • Creating false urgency: Agents may create a sense of urgency by falsely claiming that there is imminent buyer interest or that other offers are pending, encouraging sellers to act quickly without considering their options.

Q: How can I protect myself from being misled by a real estate agent regarding offers?

A: To protect yourself from being misled by a real estate agent regarding offers, it’s essential to:

  • Request written documentation: Ask the agent to provide written documentation or proof of any offers they claim to have received, including offer letters, purchase agreements, or communication from potential buyers.
  • Verify information independently: Take steps to independently verify any information provided by the agent, such as contacting potential buyers directly or consulting with other real estate professionals.
  • Get multiple opinions: Seek input from multiple real estate agents or brokers to compare offers, assess market conditions, and determine the true value of your property.
  • Trust your instincts: If something seems too good to be true or if you feel uncomfortable with the agent’s behavior or representations, trust your instincts and proceed with caution.
  • Report misconduct: If you suspect that a real estate agent is engaging in unethical or illegal behavior, consider reporting the misconduct to the appropriate regulatory authorities or professional associations.

By taking these precautions and remaining vigilant, you can minimize the risk of being misled by a real estate agent and make informed decisions about selling your property.

Q: What are some reliable ways to determine the true market value of my property?

A: Determining the true market value of your property is essential for pricing it competitively and maximizing your chances of a successful sale. Some reliable ways to determine the market value of your property include:

  • Comparative market analysis (CMA): A comparative market analysis involves comparing your property to similar properties that have recently sold in the same area to estimate its value. Real estate agents can provide CMAs based on recent sales data and market trends.
  • Appraisal: Hiring a professional appraiser to assess the value of your property can provide an unbiased and accurate estimate of its worth based on factors such as location, size, condition, and comparable sales.
  • Online valuation tools: There are many online tools and websites that offer automated valuation models (AVMs) or home value estimators to provide instant estimates of property values based on public data and algorithms. While these tools can be a useful starting point, they may not always provide accurate or reliable results.
  • Market trends and conditions: Stay informed about local market trends, economic indicators, and supply and demand dynamics that can impact property values in your area. Monitor changes in inventory levels, days on market, and median sales prices to gauge market conditions and pricing trends.
  • Professional advice: Seek guidance from experienced real estate professionals, such as agents, brokers, or appraisers, who can provide expert insights and advice based on their knowledge of the local market and industry expertise.

Should I consider getting multiple real estate agent opinions before selling?

Yes, it’s generally a good idea to consider getting multiple opinions from different real estate agents before selling your property. Meeting with multiple agents allows you to compare their expertise, experience, marketing strategies, and proposed listing prices to determine which agent is the best fit for your needs. Additionally, soliciting multiple opinions can provide valuable insights into the current market conditions, property values, and potential selling strategies, helping you make a more informed decision about selling your property.

Q: What are my rights as a seller if I suspect a real estate agent is lying about offers?

A: If you suspect that a real estate agent is lying about offers or engaging in unethical behavior, you have several options to protect your interests and assert your rights as a seller:

  • Request documentation: Ask the agent to provide written documentation or proof of any offers they claim to have received on your property, including offer letters, purchase agreements, or communication from potential buyers.
  • Express your concerns: Communicate your concerns to the agent and express your expectations for honest and transparent communication throughout the selling process.
  • Seek clarification: Ask the agent to clarify any discrepancies or inconsistencies in their representations or actions regarding offers on your property.
  • Consult with other professionals: Consider seeking advice from other real estate professionals, such as attorneys, brokers, or industry associations, to assess your options and determine the best course of action.
  • Report misconduct: If you believe that the agent has violated ethical standards or engaged in fraudulent behavior, consider reporting the misconduct to the appropriate regulatory authorities or professional associations.

Ultimately, it’s essential to protect your interests and ensure that you are working with a trustworthy and ethical real estate agent who will represent your best interests throughout the selling process.

As an ethical real estate advisor, I’m available to represent buyers and sellers with honest, principled negotiation. Don’t hesitate to get in touch if you need guidance navigating any transaction with clarity and care.

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